The Basics of Steel Fabrication

by | Sep 7, 2015 | Laser Cutting

Just about everybody has heard of steel. Your kitchen sink is made with stainless steel, your car is made with steel materials, and it is a durable and long-lasting material. What many people don’t think about is how steel is fabricated. Who is responsible for this process? While these may seem like simple questions, the process of steel fabrication is actually fairly complex. However, it can be simply explained.

Steel is an ally which consists of a variety of metals. They typically consist of carbon and iron with a small amount of Sulphur, silicon, oxygen, and phosphorus. Steel typically contains less than 2% of carbon and 1% of manganese. Smelting steel was the first process of its kind and was invented by Henry Bessemer in 1856.

Since then a lot has changed when it comes to processing metal. Steel fabrication is a very involved process. There are two ways that steel fabrication is performed. One of these is called the raw material approach which is sometimes referred to as the integrated route. The majority of steel fabrication is performed using this method. In short, the materials are heated, and then they are melted down and combined with the steel.
Even though the raw material approach is the most common, the electric arc furnace method is much faster and easier to do. In this particular method, recycled steel is melted down by being placed into a furnace. Only a third of the fabrication of steel takes place with this particular method, even though this is the easier of the two methods.

Regardless of the type of method is used it is a very difficult process to complete. China produces the majority of steel every year. This is the primary reason why they are able to manufacturer as many vehicles as they do.

While there are only two methods of steel fabrication, there are over 3,000 types of steel. Each of them is different when it comes to properties such as environmental, chemical, and physical. Engineers are inventing various types of steel every single day. The fabrication process is extremely important as it can create innovative products that have the ability to change the world. Knowing more about the process will help you to realize what an important job it is. Steel products are everywhere you turn so understanding the process will help you to appreciate what steel fabrication specialists are responsible for.

SAMS Fabrications Ltd is the go to source for steel fabrication services. Check out their website to learn more, or contact them today for any inquiries you may have.

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